First published on 6 May 2013. Updated on 6 May 2013.
9th Century: Ethiopian goat herder discovers coffee after noting his goats got livelier after munching on the bright red beans.
15th Century: Coffee becomes widespread in Egypt and has reached the Middle East, Persia, Turkey, and northern Africa.
1615: Coffee appears in Europe, initially used as an aid to digestion but soon as a beverage where it allows “fruitful discussions without the delirious effects of alcohol”
1645: First coffeehouse opens in Italy
1668: Coffee replaces beer as New York's City's favourite breakfast drink.
1713: The Dutch gift France’s Louis XIV a coffee bush whose seedlings will go on to produce 90 percent of the world's coffee.
1773: The Boston Tea Party makes drinking coffee a patriotic duty in US.
1788: Coffee arrives in Sydney via Captain Cook and co.
1822: The first espresso machine made in France.
1880: Coffee production begins in Australia with plantations in far north QLD and north NSW.
1885: Australian coffee wins awards in Paris, Marseille and Rome.
1901: "Instant" coffee invented in Chicago by chemist Satori Kato.
1907: Brazil accounts for 97 per cent of the world's coffee harvest.
1908: Coffee filter and filter paper patented by German housewife Melitta Bentz.
1920: Declining commodity prices worldwide wipe out Australian coffee industry until WWII.
1933: Dr. Ernest Illy invents the first automatic espresso machine.
1938: Nescafé or freeze-dried coffee invented.
1942: Widespread hoarding during WWII leads to coffee rationing in Australia.
1946: Modern-day espresso machine created by Italian Achilles Gaggia using a spring powered lever system
1963: United Nations negotiates International Coffee Agreement, establishing worldwide coffee export quotas.
1971: Starbucks opens first store in Seattle, starting a frenzy for fresh-roasted whole bean coffee.
1995: Coffee officially becomes world’s most popular beverage 400 billion cups a year!
2008: Starbucks makes a partial withdrawal from the Australian market, due to challenges presented by Australia’s sophisticated coffee culture”.
2012: Coffee now Australia’s fave drink – 2.1 billion cups served a year!
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